Study Finds Childhood Obesity Declining by 4 Percent
Here is an article from The Philadelphia Inquirer written by Don Sapatkin about how a recent study show that childhood obesity has decreased by 4 percent. Gary D. Foster, director of Temple University’s Center for Obesity Research and Education, said the research was conducted to determine if schools could effectively increase healthier food in cafeteria and physical activity, which could control obesity and health risks such as Type 2 diabetes. The study concluded that school health act programs can help solve the obesity epidemic.
Tantalizing evidence that America’s epidemic of childhood obesity might be starting to subside was presented Sunday by researchers who also found that the trend could be speeded up through school programs.
Several recent studies reported that rates of overweight and obese children plateaued after rising rapidly since 1980. But this is the first major study to detect a decline – of 4 percent – and it was in a national sample dominated by low-income blacks and Hispanics, the groups at highest risk.
“These are the kids you expect least to change,” said Gary D. Foster, director of Temple University’s Center for Obesity Research and Education, who chaired the study of 4,603 students in 42 middle schools around the country, including six in Philadelphia. He and others speculated that the decline might be greater in the general population.
Though good news, the finding was not what the researchers were looking for. Their primary goal was to determine whether an intensive, school-based effort to decrease calories and increase physical activity could make a dent in the combined prevalence of children who are overweight and obese, key risk factors for Type 2 diabetes.
In fall 2006, they divided the schools into two groups. The sixth graders in half the schools participated in the program; the other half were controls. When they were reassessed as eighth graders in spring 2009, the rate of overweight and obese students had dropped by nearly the same 4 percent in the schools that got the intervention as in those that did not.
However, the researchers did find notable differences among subgroups and in specific measures. For example, body-mass index scores, average insulin levels and the percentage of students with the largest waists – all risk factors for Type 2 diabetes – were significantly better in the intervention schools. All the effects were even stronger among students who were overweight or obese when they began the program in sixth grade. That group, in fact, had 21 percent lower odds of being obese at the end of eighth grade compared with the controls.
Foster and colleagues presented the findings Sunday at the association’s annual scientific meeting in Orlando. Underscoring their significance, the results were simultaneously published online in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Type 2 diabetes, until recently seen only in adults, has been increasing steadily in children and teenagers. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention projects that one of every three children born in 2000, and one of every two children in high-risk minority groups, will develop diabetes in their lifetimes. People with Type 2 diabetes gradually lose the ability to produce insulin and are at risk of kidney failure, amputations, blindness, heart disease, and stroke.
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